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May 26

ADHD Criteria



Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [DSM-IV]

AD/HD Symptoms

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DSM-IV describes 3 subtypes of AD/HD:

~ Inattentive Cannot seem to get focused or stay focused on a activity or task

~ Hyperactive-Impulsive Very active and often acts without thinking

~ Combined- Inattentive, impulsive, and too active

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18 Symptoms

DSM-IV, the Diagnostic Manual of Mental Problems, defines AD/HD by a set of 18 symptoms

To qualify for the diagnostic you need 6 out of the 9 symptoms on one or both of the clusters

Your symptoms must date back to childhood. There is no such thing as adult-onset AD/HD

Symptoms must impair your life in some way for AD/HD to be diagnosed

Symptoms must occur in two or more areas of your life

The term AD/HD includes both AD/HD with hyperactivity and AD/HD without hyperactivity

You could have AD/HD without any signs of hyperactivity or impulsivity, which is more common in females

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The Clusters

Cluster 1. Inattention: Six (or more) symptoms of inattention that have persisted for at least 6 months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level

Cluster 2. Hyperactivity/Impulsivity: Six (or more) symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity that have persisted for at least 6 months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level

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AD/HD Cluster One

Inattention

Six or more of the following symptoms of inattention have persisted for at least six months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level:

Inattention:

1. Often fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities

2. Often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities

3. Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly

4. Often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish homework, chores, or duties in the workplace (not due to oppositional behavior or failure to understand instructions)

5. Often has difficulty organizing tasks and activities

6. Often avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort

7. Often loses things necessary for tasks or activities

8. Is often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli

9. Is often forgetful in daily activities

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AD/HD Cluster Two

Hyperactivity and Impulsivity

Six (or more) of the following symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity have persisted for at least six months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level:

Hyperactivity:

1. Often fidgets with hands and feet or squirms in seat

2. Often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining in seat is expected

3. Often runs about or climbs excessively when it is in appropriate

4. Often has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly

5. Is often “on the go” or acts as if “driven by a motor”

6. Often talks excessively

Impulsivity:

7. Often blurts out answers before questions have been completed

8. Often has difficulty waiting turn

9. Often interrupts or intrudes on others

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Read April's Ed Tip to understand how using video game design principles will improve instruction.  Moreover, educators should not view video games as the enemy of education, but rather a model for best teaching practices. When educators design instructional strategies, they must keep in mind the principles of video games, namely achievable challenge, and the role of dopamine in education.